Stan Franklin and Uma Ramamurthy, Motivations, Values and Emotions: 3 sides of the same coin, Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Epigenetic Robotics, Paris, France, September 2006, Lund University Cognitive Studies, 128, p. 41-48.
This position paper speaks to the interrelationships between the three concepts of motivations, values, and emotion. Motivations prime actions, values serve to choose between motivations, emotions provide a common currency for values, and emotions implement motivations. While conceptually distinct, the three are so pragmatically intertwined as to differ primarily from our taking different points of view. To make these points more transparent, we briefly describe the three in the context a cognitive architecture, the LIDA model, for software agents and robots that models human cognition, including a developmental period. We also compare the LIDA model with other models of cognition, some involving learning and emotions. Finally, we conclude that artificial emotions will prove most valuable as implementers of motivations in situations requiring learning and development.